The term “intervertebral hernia” refers to a disease of the musculoskeletal system of the person, which is accompanied by displacement of part of the vertebral disc with rupture of its outer protective membrane – the fibrous ring. Herniation of the thoracic spine is a problem faced by the vast majority of the population aged 27 to 60 years. How to recognize the disease in itself and by what methods of treatment it is possible to get rid of it, we will consider further.
Hernia of the thoracic spine
Spine problems are some of the most common. Regardless of age or gender, a person may have hernia of the thoracic spine. Its manifestation is accompanied by the protrusion of the elements of the intervertebral discs, which causes compression of the nerve endings and muscle tissues. The causes of the disease can be hidden in traumas, prolonged stay of the body in one pose, the appearance of osteochondrosis.
Because the spine plays a major role in the body – supporting the body, it has to endure considerable physical activity daily. Although the design is perfect and durable, it is not protected and is quite vulnerable to low-mobility, excessive loads. Thoracic spine can negatively affect the heart, intestines, cause and provoke disorders of innervation of the internal organs.
Features of pathology
Considering the peculiarities of the manifestation of the disease, it should be noted that inside (in the thoracic spine) of the disc particles protrude beyond the vertebral column or there is extrusion of the nucleus of the disk through cracks located in the fibrous ring. Depending on the localization of the problem, the following types of protrusion of the intervertebral discs are distinguished:
- lateral (left or right) – causes compression of nerve endings;
- central (directed to the spinal cord) – can cause a complex compression of the spinal cord;
- posterior (from abdomen to back) – causes disturbance in the work of spinal structures.
Herniation of the thoracic spine is characterized by widespread symptoms. Often, the symptoms of manifestation are confused with manifestations of gastric ulcer, heart attack or exacerbation of cholecystitis.
The disease manifests itself unexpectedly, the furnace being the time of motor activity. The patient has pain in different muscle groups, there are muscle spasms. The intensity of the pain syndrome and the location of localization depend on the force of pressure on the intervertebral discs and nerve endings, the location of the diseased vertebra.
The following symptoms may speak of the development of the disease:
- chest pain, exacerbated by breathing, active movements;
- numbness of the upper extremities, tingling;
- muscle pain in the arms, shoulders, torso and head;
- signs of dysfunction in the work of the chest, pelvis;
- partial or complete paralysis.
The appearance of spinal hernias in the thoracic section can be caused by trauma, excessive physical activity, physiological aging of tissues in the elderly, osteochondrosis. The most common causes of injury are when the person is trying to lift the load in a bent position, as well as falling from a height or hard landing during jumps.
Regular and excessive physical exertion can provoke overloaded disks. This, in turn, provokes the development of destructive processes in the middle of the vertebral discs. This mechanism of occurrence of the disease is found in most cases in middle-aged people who lead an active lifestyle.
It is impossible to diagnose the disease by its characteristic features. The following diagnostic methods are used for this purpose:
- MRI – allows you to fully gather information about the condition of the spine and the location of the hernia;
- computed tomography – gives a two-dimensional image of the lesion;
- x-ray – allows you to see the damage of the disks caused by injuries and the condition of the vertebrae;
- EMG (electromyography) – detects nerve fiber damage;
- myelography is a kind of x-ray that uses dye to reflect changes in bone structures.
Treatment of hernia
The duration of treatment and methods depend on the stage of disease development and the level of damage to the vertebrae. Often, neurologists are prescribed therapeutic exercises and special exercises that are aimed at eliminating pain and strengthening the muscular corset of the back. As an alternative method of treatment can be used therapeutic and prophylactic complex “Cypress”. The basis of this method of treatment is the implementation of slow movements with complete relaxation, which activate the natural ability of the spine to self-healing.
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