With age, the cartilage tissue in the vertebral plane wears out, loses its water component, resulting in micronutrients of the fibrous ring of discs. The height of the intervertebral discs changes, the state of the tissues next to the vertebrae changes, inflammation occurs, the internal pressure from inflammation begins to irritate the spinal nerves, which causes pain. First of all, cervical osteochondrosis is associated with a deficit in muscle load. Today, young people are increasingly confronted with this problem. The fault is therefore a sedentary lifestyle, a long time sitting at the computer. Cervical osteochondrosis causes significant discomfort and impairs quality of life. Fortunately, there is symptomatic treatment to combat the disease.
Cervical osteochondrosis – what is it?
Osteochondrosis (osteo-bone; chondra-cartilage; oz – pain) is a common term that can mean different pathologies when diagnosed with degenerative damage of the intervertebral discs and adjacent tissues in the segments of the cervical spine C1-C2-C3-C4-C4-C4-C4-C4-C4-C4-C4-C4 -C7. The signs of osteochondrosis cannot be limited to a specific department, most often changes in the spine tissues occur along the entire length – somewhere smaller, somewhere longer. Accordingly, some segments will experience more severe damage and more acute pain.
According to statistics, the symptoms of the disease are observed in 50-90% of the population. The average age of the disease – 30-35 years, and under unfavorable conditions, the first signs appear at an earlier age.
The first signs and reasons
First of all, the causes of the disease are due to the aging of the body and, as a consequence, the destruction of cartilage and bone. Also promote the development of osteochondrosis:
- hypodynamia – insufficient physical activity;
- metabolic disorders;
- salt deposits – osteophytes;
- deficiency of vitamins;
- unbalanced nutrition;
- strong loads on the spine.
Risk factors also include heredity, overweight, postural impairment, autoimmune diseases, cervical hypothermia, hormonal disorders. The disease can be associated with the constant wearing of high-heeled shoes and flat feet. Pregnant women are also at risk.
Signs of osteochondrosis of the neck
Manifestations of cervical osteochondrosis differ from others because this department is characterized by greater mobility and is subjected to considerable loads. This is also due to the anatomical features – the cervical vertebrae are very close and have a thinner structure. Along the cervical spine there are many muscles that hold and control the position of the head. Any traumatic displacement of the vertebrae is accompanied by sharp acute pain. Restoration of the cervical spine is the most difficult in terms of physical therapy.
The onset of the disease is accompanied by such symptoms:
- neck pain;
- numbness of fingers;
- weakness of arm muscles;
- limitation of amplitude of movements in the neck;
Initially, the symptoms are little noticeable, and patients may not even suspect their illness, associating discomfort with fatigue. Gradually the pain becomes more intense. Dizziness of the artery can cause dizziness. In later stages of the disease, when the circulation to the cerebellum is impaired, there is a deterioration of vision and hearing.
Among the signs of the disease are vertebral, radicular and reflex syndromes.
If you have symptoms, you should consult a neurologist, vertebologist. Several types of diagnostics are used to examine the patient.
- X-ray. It is considered an ineffective way to detect this disease.
- Computed tomography.
- Magnetic resonance imaging.
- Ultrasonic duplex scanning. This type of examination is used for disorders of general blood flow.
With timely detection of the disease, the treatment is usually conservative. Good results can only be achieved with an individual and comprehensive approach consisting of RKT (restorative kinesiotherapy), traction-decompression sessions at the IP Cypress, therapeutic massage, physiotherapy. During this period, the patient should avoid heavy physical activity.
Physical therapy is started immediately after the doctor’s appointment. After completing the treatment course, the exercises should be performed independently at home, but it is best done under the guidance of a specialist physical therapist.
In situations where certain symptoms may threaten the patient’s life (impaired respiratory function, impaired vision, sensitivity), surgery may be necessary. Fortunately, such situations are rare, but you need to recognize it in time.
For the prevention of cervical osteochondrosis it is recommended to exercise daily, to lead an active lifestyle, to eat properly.
It is possible to completely overcome ailments only at the very beginning of development, so it is important to diagnose and start treatment in time. For this, patients are advised to undergo regular check-ups. Osteochondrosis may occur with mild symptoms.
In no case should pain be tolerated. Consult our experts who will provide quality diagnostics and preventive therapy.