During pregnancy, the fetus and some time after birth, the spine of the baby has the shape of the letter “C”. This bend is called the primary curvature – kyphoid. When a child learns to raise his head and, ultimately, walk, the muscular system develops. With the development of muscle strength and the acquisition of new abilities, body weight shifts to the spine under the influence of the activity of the child.
Gradually, secondary curvatures develop in the cervical and lumbar regions – lordous curvature. These bends will continue to develop until the person stops growing.
All bends in the back are either kyphoid or lordous in nature. A normal healthy spine has four types of dorsal curvature that maintain balance, give flexibility, absorb and distribute mechanical stress.
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