Each person’s spine consists of vertebrae. Disks are located between the vertebrae. Such a disk has an internal soft core and an external hard ring. It is thanks to the intervertebral discs that our spine moves. Depreciation is ensured.
Disc herniation occurs when the outer ring breaks. Due to its protrusion, part of the nucleus comes out. There is pain as the hernia presses against the nerve root. If the hernia is small, the person does not feel pain. Often, compression of the nerve does not prevent us from moving, does not cause special complaints. In many cases, herniation of the intervertebral discs can become a serious problem.
Treatment and symptoms of herniation of the spinal disc of the spine
It should be remembered that it is not necessary to treat lightly the herniation of the intervertebral disc. If you do not see a doctor, irreversible processes in the body are possible. This is weakness in the extremities, impaired pelvic organs and even paralysis. Therefore, the disease requires treatment. This does not mean that you should go to a surgeon. It is possible to cure medication. And there are other ways. The main thing is not to be indifferent to your health.
Symptoms of herniated discs are as follows:
- leg and back pain;
- weakness in the muscles of the legs;
- urination disorders;
- numbness in the legs and pelvis.
With herniation of the cervical spine, the symptoms are different. There is a pain in the shoulders, neck, head. Dizziness is possible. The fingers of the hands mute, there is a tinnitus.
It happens that hernias in the intervertebral discs are detected on MRI (ie the disease proceeds without certain symptoms). In addition, often people do not pay attention to certain signals of the body or associate them with another illness.
How does this disease manifest itself?
Intervertebral disc herniation occurs when biochemical processes in them are disturbed. Most of us do not even realize that excessive physical activity brings spine damage. Therefore, many people have to experience some discomfort at the point of illness.
In the early stages of a hernia, or hernia (as it is called by doctors), dull pain occurs. Not paying attention to it can become acute – especially when lifting weights, coughing, sneezing, sharp turns. Often, not only the back and across, but also the neck, head, legs. There is a feeling of tingling feet, crawling ants.
A hernia can even cause nausea and vomiting. Often there are problems with erection. And there may also be urinary retention or incontinence, constipation, diarrhea. If you have these symptoms, you should consult your doctor to avoid serious complications.
The main goals and methods of treatment
Of course, it is necessary to treat hernia initially conservatively. If you have been diagnosed with this disease, you are often prescribed anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs. With severe pain, an epidural blockade will help.
Then recommend to do special exercises. Conservative treatment will be effective in a comprehensive approach. In addition, there is no need to hurry. It takes time to recover from motor activity.
Many people believe that a hernia requires surgery. In fact, surgery is needed in rare cases.
Experienced experts say that hernias are not a sentence – you just need to follow the appropriate rules, monitor their health in general and the condition of the spine in particular, as well as perform exercises. Then a person can enjoy a fulfilling life.
Among the non-surgical methods for the treatment of hernias is manual therapy. It is prescribed as a supplement to the use of medicines. Massage helps to relieve pain. It has a relaxing effect on the muscles and joints. Even one session will make you feel better. To achieve the effect it is better to take a course.
In recent years, doctors recommend stretching the spine in hernias. There are different techniques (for example, underwater drawing or using different devices, simulators).
Stretching and performing special exercises (kinesitherapy) also helps.
In general, experts advise to combine these types of treatment.
First you should make an appointment with a specialist. It’s easy to do on the Internet. Contacts of our center are listed on the site. Experienced physicians consult, diagnose. They will prescribe treatment. Each approach is individual. We work on the result. You can find out by reading patient reviews. Contact us now.