Anatomical body plane - Spine Ambulatory

Anatomical body plane

    Health professionals often refer to areas of the body in terms of anatomical planes (sections). These planes are lines (vertical or horizontal) that are conventionally drawn through the body. The name of such lines are used to describe a specific part of the body. The following are general anatomical terms and their meanings.

     

    Anatomical planes:


    Coronal plane or frontal plane


    Sagittal plane or lateral plane


    Axial plane or transverse plane

     

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    Anatomical spatial terms:

    Towards:

    • Medial – To the midline of the body line
    • Lateral – From the midline of the body
    • Proximal – To the base point (to the limbs)
    • Distal – From the base point (from the limbs)
    • Posterior – Lower
    • Superior – Upper or higher
    • Cranial or Cranial – Head
    • Caudal or Caudal – Tail, tail end
    • Anterior – Forward-forward
    • Posterior – To the back
    • Dorsal – Rear
    • Ventral – Front

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